The archaeological site of la Roureda de la Margineda is one of the most relevant settlements that allow us to understand the history of Andorra, along with la Balma de la Margineda, Juberri, Roc d’Enclar or Camp Vermell.
The archaeological site of la Roureda de la Margineda is located on a slight ground elevation, almost 1000 metres above the sea level, on the southern side of the Montclar, inside Santa Coloma. From there, one can visually control a good portion of the fertile central valley, irrigated by the Valira river. The nature of the geological substratum, a granitic moraine, was a key factor in the configuration of its residential spaces: thus, the spaces between the great granitic blocks were used as shelters in prehistoric times, while structured proto-urban settlements were later developed using a series of terraces, built by exploiting local materials.
An archaeological research was launched in 2007 by the owner of the property, Casa Molines SA. A series of interventions were carried out until 2010, which allowed for the documentation of a large settlement in the late Middle Ages (13th-14th centuries), greatly characterized by its archaeological materials and its architecture. In 2011, the Andorran Cultural Heritage department conducted a second set of excavations that lasted until 2015, during which new structures were exhumed, thereby contributing to establish the main periods of occupation: the middle Bronze Age (ca. 1.500 B.C.), the late Antiquity (4th-7th centuries) and, finally, the late Middle Ages (13th-14th centuries). The archaeological remains correspond to the latest stage of occupation, which practically extended throughout two centuries.
La Roureda de la Margineda is certainly one of the most relevant settlements that allow us to understand the history of Andorra, along with la Balma de la Margineda, Juberri, Roc d’Enclar or Camp Vermell. Its importance lies in the fact that it is the only settlement in Andorra and most of the Pyrenees, where such a long continued occupation has been observed, with an important presence of abundant and diverse material. On the other hand, the remains – and even the metallic materials – have been greatly preserved, which has allowed us to better understand everyday life for the inhabitants of this settlement. La Roureda de la Margineda is no doubt a mandatory stop for anyone interested in knowing more about the history of the Principality, and also to understand Andorra within the framework of the southern side of the western Pyrenees.
Don’t miss it!
July 1st to August 31st: daily tour at 10:30 a.m.
A prior reservation is required.
Adult admission: €5 (children over 12 and adults under 65)
Reduced admission: €3 (senior citizens over 65 and Youth Card holders)
Free admission: children under 12 and ICOM card holders.
The settlement is not adapted for people with limited mobility.
Guided tours in Catalan, Spanish, French and English.
It is advised to wear proper shoes, sunscreen and a hat.